Separating behavior from attraction is essential. It is generally assumed that those who commit child sexual abuse (CSA) are MAPs by extension; contrary to this belief, they often are not (Bailey, Bernhard, & Hsu, 2016). In most samples, they make up the sizable minority, not majority, of offenders (Beech & Harkins, 2012).

Estimates of preferential attraction for children among those who offend are often in the ballpark of 25% to 50% (Beier, 2015; Seto, Cantor, & Blanchard, 2006; Schaefer et al., 2010; Maletzky & Steinhauser, 2002; Seto & Lalumière, 2001). Bailey, Bernhard, & Hsu (2016) found that of the 1,102 MAPs they surveyed, 85% had never been arrested for or convicted of sexual offenses, though they also noted the figure may have been elevated due to potential unknown offenses. Evidence suggests that non-offending MAPs actually have better inhibitory control abilities than offending MAPs on both a neurobiological and behavioral basis (Kärgel et al., 2016; Jorden et al., 2018). Studies also report pathological symptoms or personality disorders as important correlations with sexual offending (Cohen et al., 2002; Gerwinn et al., 2018; Neutze, Seto, Schaefer, Mundt, & Beier, 2010). Overall, these point to other concrete factors as predictors of sexual offenses against children than minor attraction itself (Massau et al., 2017; Mitchell & Galupo, 2015).

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